CHILDREN’S HARDENING, HARDENING OF SMALL CHILDREN
Children’s hardening is especially important for young babies and weakened babies (premature, suffering from malnutrition, rickets, diathesis and other allergic diseases). Children’s hardening is based on the property of the body to gradually adapt to unusual conditions. The transition from weaker tempering procedures to stronger ones (due to lowering the temperature of air, water, increasing the duration of the procedure) must be carried out gradually. Hardening has a general strengthening effect, improves blood circulation, increases the tone of the nervous system, and normalizes metabolism. In the process of hardening, conditioned reflexes are formed and fixed, which contribute to the formation of protective reactions. Thanks to this, the child’s body is able to adapt to changing conditions and painlessly endure excessive cooling, overheating and other adverse effects. With repeated and systematic use of cold water, heat generation increases, skin temperature rises, the stratum corneum thickens, and the intensity of irritation of the receptors located in them decreases. All this increases the adaptation of the child’s body to a low temperature.
Hardening is only effective when a warm child is doused with cold water. After all, with the right approach, hardening increases immunity and makes the child protected from colds. The main thing is not to abuse and not to confuse ordinary hardening with water, air and sun with wintering. After turning the child into a “walrus”, parents are unlikely to really temper him. Another negative effect of winter swimming can be a change in the behavior of the child: he will become either very restless, or, conversely, passive. The production of enzymes is reduced, because of which the tummy may swell, intestinal dysfunction will begin. It is better for teenagers to do winter swimming, and babies may well wait.
You can start hardening from any age. But the sooner, the healthier and more stable the child will be. Seasoned children look great, they have a good appetite, restful sleep, they grow quickly and rarely get sick. Hardening can begin even in the first days after birth. True, after consulting with a doctor. If the baby is healthy, you can carry out various air or water treatments with a shower and rubdowns. The main rule of hardening is the constancy of the procedures and a gradual increase in their intensity. If you stay at the same level of load – for example, water the child constantly with water of the same temperature without lowering it, or rarely pour water, for example, several times a month, then the effect of such hardening will not be. The next important point – hardening is only effective when a warm, heated child is doused with cold water. After all, if the baby freezes and his hands and feet become cold, the water that is poured over him will seem almost warm, and the result of such “hardening” may turn out to be the exact opposite. The most difficult task is to establish the first load for the baby. It should not be weak, because then it is not effective, and should not be excessively strong, stressful, since it is known that stress suppresses the immune system, and we have the opposite task – to strengthen it. You can temper the baby right in the bath. Let him first warm up in warm water, and then he should be invited to play: for example, turn on cold water, and he will substitute heels and palms. And so at least 3 times. After the last exposure to cold, it is necessary to wrap the child in a sheet and in a blanket, hold him, not wiping, but wetting the water, then put him in nightwear and put him in bed. For a better hardening effect, the procedure should be gradually changed by increasing the time of cold procedures. Subsequently, the child himself begins to demand more cold pouring, and often even refuses hot water. When a child gets used to pouring cold water on his feet, during the winter period the hardening effect can be enhanced by running barefoot in the snow. You need to choose a snowy place: the snow should be clean, while under the snow there should be earth, not concrete or an asphalt track. The kid needs to be dressed so that the shoes are easily removed and worn. Better, for example, tracksuit, woolen socks and boots. First, he needs to run a little to warm up. If the baby is browned, you can be sure that his legs are not cold. Then he can take off his boots and get up in the snow, at first for literally seconds. Then quickly wipe the legs off the snow with a diaper and put on shoes, starting with the leg that he first put on the snow. Then again you need to run in boots. The duration of running in the snow is very short at first, then you can increase it. This procedure will especially appeal to a child if it is performed by the whole family 2 times a week.