FIRST AID FOR SPORTS INJURIES
In sports, it is not always possible to do without injuries – this is a well-known axiom. It just so happened that the more actively a person moves, the greater the burden he takes upon himself, the greater the risk he exposes himself to. In many sports, such as figure skating, they even teach you how to fall in order to reduce the likelihood of injury if you fall. However, what should I do if I was seriously injured while playing sports? Let’s try to figure this out and find out exactly how to provide first aid for the most common injuries.
Quite often in the sports world, sprains occur. This happens when the ligaments that connect the bones are damaged as a result of a bruise or awkward movement. A swelling forms around the affected area, and after a while, acute pain begins. First of all, bring something cold, such as a wet cloth, to the damaged area. To relieve pain, it is necessary to bandage the damaged joint very tightly. As soon as this is done, it is urgent to take the victim to the clinic, where they will be provided with qualified assistance.
Often awkward movements lead to dislocations – in this case, the articular head jumps out of the articular cavity. You should not even try to straighten the joint personally, as this can lead to a worsening of the situation. You should do the same as in the case described above, that is, apply cold cloth to the injured place, reliably bandage it and take the victim to the hospital.
Although human bones have an increased margin of safety, fractures do occur. This happens mainly when the direction of the acting force goes across the direction of the bone bars. Most susceptible to bone fractures in the limbs. In a fracture, you can’t try to independently transfer a person without giving him proper first aid.
A fracture can be distinguished by the appearance of pathological bone movement, by their general shortening, by swelling and the appearance of blood. Moreover, if the fracture is open, the bone itself, its sharp ends and characteristic irregularities in the broken off site will be visible. Even with minimal pressure, a characteristic crunch is heard. The injured person experiences sharp pain, which increases with any movement. At the same time, a limb cannot fulfill its natural functions. It is also worth remembering that open fractures are extremely dangerous the possibility of introducing various infections.
You should begin to provide first aid for a fracture in order to prevent all threats relating to the life of the victim. Stop arterial bleeding and prevent traumatic shock. Put a bandage on the wounds and ensure complete immobility of the limb. This can be done using a tire or improvised materials, for example, a board, but if there is nothing suitable, you can fasten with bandages to a healthy part of the body – if the arm is damaged, then to the body, if the leg, then to the other leg. Do not try to bring the damaged bones to their original position and put them in the wound, this can only aggravate an already bad position. Also, do not try to remove clothing from the victim – if necessary, cut it. Remember, human health and life are much more important than the value of a thing. The splint should be fixed on two joints above and below the fracture site, respectively. To reduce the pain from the pressure exerted, the tire should be wrapped with a bandage, and in the places of the protrusions put cotton wool.
In the case of fractures of the skull bones, the victim, as a rule, is unconscious. At the same time, it is likely that the brain was damaged, and therefore any transportation should be done very carefully. On a person’s stretcher they lay their belly down, and soft tissue is laid under the face.
In case of a collarbone fracture, it is necessary to put cotton-gauze rings on the shoulders and connect them on the back. At the same time, the hand should be hung on a scarf. If there is a suspicion of a bone displacement that has occurred, then the rings should be discarded and the hand secured with the palm of the hand to the body with a bandage. Transportation of the injured in this case is only possible in a sitting position. Even a slight forward bend can cause pain.
Fracture of the ribs is particularly dangerous because sharp debris can damage the lungs. The patient should try to exhale as much air as possible from the lungs and take shallow breaths. In this position, his chest is bandaged, after having placed sterile tissue in case of an open fracture.
The most severe and terrible injury is a fracture of the spine. In this case, each uneven movement can cost a person life, and therefore it is recommended that you do not disturb the victim in any case and call an ambulance as soon as possible.