BEST BASEBALLERS OF THE WORLD
Baseball is not the invention of any one person, as many Americans believe, at the heart of this sport is a whole series of ball and bat games that previously existed in Europe.
In Russia in the old days there was a common version of baseball, it was called bast, the roots of this game go back to the distant XIV century. Two teams played in bast shoes, which included 5-10 people each, there was a serving and a beating player. The ball was thrown to the player, he had to hit him with a short stick and run across to the opposite side of the court so as not to be a “buried” ball.
For several centuries, the British played English Bast or Rounders, as well as Cricket. The first cricket competition was recorded in 1697, it took place in England in the city of Sussex. Two teams of 11 people each play cricket. Two wickets are installed on the site – poles with shelves, which the player is trying to get into.
An English bast similar to baseball dates from the Tudor period. The Germans played a game called Barrier, which closely resembled English bast shoes.
The history of baseball world championships begins in 1938, but the first tournament is hardly a championship, since only two teams took part in it. The British won four meetings with the Americans and lost one, becoming the winners of the series. However, strangely enough, since then more than this kind of competition did not participate. The following 1939, three teams took part in the fight for the world baseball champion, in 1940 there were 7 teams, and in 1941 there were already 9. The 1972 tournament was the most representative, gathering 16 baseball teams.
For a long time, only Latin American countries and the United States participated in world championships. Only in 1970, Italy and the Netherlands made their debut, in 1972 – representatives of Asia, in 1978 – Australia. The most successful in these competitions were Cuban baseball players – out of 21 competitions in which they participated, 18 Cubans won, and also won silver and 2 times bronze.
A simplified version of baseball called softball is common in some countries, including Japan, the USA, and the Czech Republic. This game can be played indoors and in small areas. Some varieties of baseball are also popular: in England it is cricket, in Finland it is pesapolo, in Romania it is oina.
As for Europe, Italy and Holland became the most powerful baseball countries, but they like to play baseball in France, Spain, England, and other European countries.
By the decision of the IOC, baseball was included in the program of the Olympic Games in September 1986, and a month later the USSR State Sports Committee signed a decision on the development of baseball, Russian bast shoes and softball (games for women) in the Soviet Union. Following a very successful start (the Soviet national team already took place in Group A at the European Championships in 1989, performed well at the Goodwill Games, which took place in Seattle in 1990), Russian baseball is going through a difficult time today. The problems are mainly related to the lack of budget financing in sports and physical education. But despite everything, the teams continue to function in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk and other Russian cities. In addition, baseball is developing in Ukraine, Transnistria, Georgia, Latvia and Crimea.
George Henry Ruth Jr. is considered to be the greatest baseball player of All Times and Peoples. His career is 22 years of a fruitful and vibrant game, and so far no one can surpass world records. Over this period of time, George became one of the most productive sluggers, no matter in which team he played. In 1927, the name of George Henry Ruth the Younger was listed in the book of records – for 154 games: 60 home runs. And the baseball player’s record of “690 victorious matches” is likely to be a bar of unattainable height for many years to come. The media of that time tried to convey the magnitude and scale of the talent of George Henry Ruth the Younger, inventing various pretentious and loud nicknames for him: “Big Bambino” or “Sultan of the Blow.”
One of the best baseball players of our time is American athlete Alex Rodriguez. At present, he is a third base player, he is a member of the New York Yankees team of the Major League Baseball. Alex Rodriguez is the holder of the title “The best forward short-stop striker of the season”, “Player of the Year”, 13 times took part in the All-Star Major League mast, 10 times won the Silver Slugger Award, 4 times won the Han Aron Prize, 2 times the Golden Prize glove ”, 3 times became the“ Most Valuable Player ”of the American League MPV.
In the fall of 2010, the final match of the baseball world championship, which was held in the Dutch city of Harlem, the Netherlands defeated Cuba and won 2-1. Over the past 73 years, for the first time, the European team won a gold award at the world baseball championship.